Biomass Power Plant

At Oltan-Köleoğlu Enerji, we focus on projects to produce energy by burning hazelnut shells, sunflower stalks, corn stalks and woodchips. Biomass conversion technology facilitates efficient energy production by using these sources. It also has contributed to social and economic development. Our projects will make a positive impact on quality of life by balancing the input and output.

Our production portfolio in the biomass energy industry includes a project with a capacity of 10 MWe in Trabzon and another in Mecitözü, Çorum, with 5 MWe capacity. At Oltan-Köleoğlu Enerji, we aim to increase our capacity to 100 MWe by the end of 2023.

What is a Biomass Power Plant?

Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals, and contains stored energy from the sun through a process called photosynthesis. Biomass is the total mass of living biological organisms of a certain species or a community of species in any given area or ecosystem at any given time.

It refers to organic matter used as a fuel for energy recovery. Biomass resources include:

  • Agricultural or forestry residues
  • Plant waste from product processing
  • Fungus residue
  • Wood waste from wood preservatives, coatings and construction or demolition

Biomass energy is becoming increasingly important as a renewable, environmentally friendly and locally cultivated resource. Traditional biomass energy is generated from fuel-wood and the residues from plants and animals. Direct combustion through primitive or advanced tools is the most common way of converting traditional biomass to energy. It is widely used in non-industrial rural communities. Modern biomass resources include energy forestry products, forest and industrial wood residues, agricultural waste materials from plants and animals, urban wastes and agro-industrial wastes. Biomass energy is an environment-friendly and sustainable energy source that can cater to our ever-increasing energy demand due to the world's rising population and industrialization.

Transformation of solar energy into biomass energy is essential for human life. Photosynthesis synthesizes organic matter as fuel and releases oxygen as a byproduct into the atmosphere, providing the oxygen needed for the respiration of all living organisms. As the carbon dioxide that is released by using the organic matter as fuel was actually absorbed from the atmosphere while synthesizing them, using biomass as a source of energy does protect the environment in terms of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere.

This way, plants make a great food source and an environment-friendly and sustainable energy resource. Plants use carbon dioxide, water, and the sun's energy to make their food using photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants combine carbon dioxide and water with solar energy to create glucose and oxygen.

Here are the top advantages of biomass energy:

  1. Reducing environmental pollution caused by fossil fuels
  2. Minimizing the health risks of exhaust emissions
  3. Ensuring energy security and reducing dependence on external sources
  4. Contributing to development of rural areas
Biomass has a great potential among all alternative energy sources as it is able to store carbon through photosynthesis, unlike wind power and solar energy sources which may be interrupted due to lack of wind or sunlight. Biomass helps generate solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels for various kinds of needs. Biomass energy can be easily stored, making it more favorable than other renewable energy resources.